What Causes Hearing Loss & How to Prevent It?

Hearing loss can be caused by many things throughout your life. Some of the most common causes of hearing loss can be prevented by wearing custom ear protection or reducing your exposure to the noise.


There are many causes of hearing loss. Hearing loss with aging and excessive noise exposure is the most common causes of hearing loss, but they are not the only causes.


Presbycusis is the most common type of hearing loss and it is caused by the natural aging of the auditory system, also known as age-related hearing loss. It affects 1 in 3 people by the age of 65 and 1 in 2 people by the age of 75; it is the second most common illness in aged people.

Genetics/Hereditary/Family history

Hereditary hearing loss can be present at birth or it may develop and progress throughout your life. Your genetic make up may make you more susceptible to ear damage and hearing loss.


Exposure to loud noises in the workplace and recreational can lead to ear damage and can cause hearing loss overtime. If you are exposed to an extremely loud sound, like an explosion, it can cause immediate hearing loss.

Infection & illness

Many illnesses and infections that result in a high fever may lead to hearing damage in the cochlear. Although not a full list, the most common infectious diseases that can lead to hearing loss are measles, mumps, meningitis, chicken pox, shingles and influenza.


People who have diabetes are twice as likely to experience hearing loss than those who don’t have diabetes. It isn’t clear what contributes to the hearing loss in people with diabetes, but it is known that high blood sugar can cause damage to blood vessels, including the vessels in your ear.

Injury & trauma

A traumatic brain injury, damage to the ear, or a hole in the eardrum can lead to hearing loss. There can also be a congenital abnormality that was present at birth causing hearing loss.

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