Types of Hearing Loss

In general, hearing loss can be categorized into one of three groups: sensorineural, conductive and mixed. The main difference between them is where the hearing loss takes place in the ear — does the hearing loss come from something in the outer, middle or inner ear? It can also include whether the hearing loss is due to your auditory nerve or due to damage or blockage to your ear.

If you think you or someone you know has one of these types of impairments, you can read our guide on the signs and symptoms of hearing loss or call us to book a hearing test.


Sensorineural hearing loss is the most common type of hearing loss and occurs when the root cause lies in the inner ear, a sensory organ or the nerve that transmits sound information from the inner ear to the brain. This type of hearing loss can be caused by many factors such as heredity, age, continuous exposure to excessive noise, diabetes, and more.


Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem transferring sound waves from the outer ear to the middle ear. This type of hearing loss can be caused by excessive earwax, an infection, a perforated eardrum, and many other causes. Most conductive hearing loss can be fixed medically, using special medication, simple procedures, or surgery.

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